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21世紀COEセミナー「NOVEL BEHAVIOUR NEAR QUANTUM PHASE TRANSITIONS AND BEYOND」

日時 平成20年(2008年)1月7日(月) 16:00〜17:00
場所 理学部H棟3F コミュニケーションスペース
講師 Siddharth S. Saxena 氏 (Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, イギリス)
題目 NOVEL BEHAVIOUR NEAR QUANTUM PHASE TRANSITIONS AND BEYOND
概要 Low dimensionality is generally considered as a necessary ingredient for high superconducting transition temperatures. Surprisingly, perhaps, systems based on graphite have received little attention in this context. Introducing metal atoms between the carbon layers can tune the interlayer spacing and charging of the graphite host through a variety of electronic ground states. One such ground state is superconductivity, which is not present in pure graphite. Here we report the discovery of superconductivity in the intercalation compounds C6Yb and C6Ca, with transition temperatures of 6.5 and 11.5 K, respectively. These critical temperatures are unprecedented in graphitic systems and have not been explained by a simple phonon mechanism for the superconductivity. This discovery has already stimulated several proposals for the superconducting mechanism that range from coupling by way of the intercalant phonons through to acoustic plasmons. Going beyond metallic and superconducting systems, case for quantum critical behaviour in ferroelectric systems will be discussed.

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